This page includes selected full-text articles about trauma — versions of preprints, published articles, or chapters.

Towards a rational diagnosis for children with complex trauma histories.

Ellert R.S. Nijenhuis, Ph.D., is a clinical psychologist, psychotherapist, and researcher. He received his Ph.D., cum laude, at the Medical Department of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam for his book: Somatoform dissociation: Phenomena, measurement, and theoretical issues [currently in reprint with W.W. Norton, New York].

The neural circuitry of interactions between emotion, attention, perception, cognition and behavior, in those with trauma histories and PTSD and psychologically healthy people.

“A must see reference link about trauma related issues that every therapist should know and practice”

The PILOTS database is an electronic index to the worldwide literature on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental-health consequences of exposure to traumatic events.

General Resources

This site has a fairly complete list of Adam Crabtree’s published writings with many of them downloadable.

What is your attachment style?

A concise CME-accredited newsletter, with a dash of humor, and no pharmaceutical funding. Expert clinical information that you can use immediately in your practice.

Over 4 million sites to look at.
Post-Modern Therapy.
A library of articles devoted to sleep and its disorders
A site devoted to free access to medical journals
The on-line journal Psychotherapy Research published by the Oxford University Press
Free Associations is the leading periodical on the non-clinical aspects of psychoanalysis and related psychodynamic approaches to psychotherapy, groups, politics, institutions, culture.
Lincoln, Mandela and the Depressive Position by Robert M. Young
Links to known experiments on the Internet that are psychologically related. They are organized by general topic area with the topic areas listed chronologically with the most recently added at the top.
Methodology, Psychoanalytic Theory & Technique, The History of Psychoanalysis, Clinical Contributions, Research and Life-Cycle Development, Education & Professional Issues, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, and Interdisciplinary Studies.
We might think we see ourselves with traditional mirrors, but although they appear to show us how we look, in fact they reflect images that are significantly altered by being backwards.

This Centre has three aspects: 1) Training for psychotherapists and counselors in the use of hypnosis and trance states and ideomotor signaling in clinical work, 2) Experiential workshops in using trance states for self exploration, 3) Informative lectures on the history and meaning of trance states and hypnosis
The official website of the Canadian Association for Psychodynamic Therapy.
The Psychotherapy Referral Service is a not-for-profit organization that matches persons seeking help with qualified psychotherapists in the greater Toronto area.
The Toronto Couple Therapy Center (TCTC) psychotherapists have in-depth training, skill and experience to help couples repair negative interactions and develop a renewed sense of love, affection, and support for one another.

The Toronto Therapy Network has twelve CTP graduates on their list of therapists.
This training institute in Toronto teaches Self-Psychology and has an interesting roster of speakers and conferences.
The William Alanson White Institute is an association whose primary focus is the training of resourceful psychoanalysts.
The International Psychoanalytic Association is the world’s primary accrediting and regulatory body for psychoanalysis.
The site of the Canadian Psychoanalytic Association has an interesting comment on what psychoanalysis is.
The Frankfurt Psychoanalytic Institute (German)
This collection of links points to Internet resources related to Sigmund Freud and his works. Included in this collection are libraries, museums, and biographical materials, as well as materials in the Brill Library archives.
The Society for Existential Analysis provides a forum for the expression of views and the exchange of ideas between those interested in the analysis of existence from philosophical and psychological perspectives.
The International Institute of Object Relations Therapy.
Psychoanalytic and Jungian themes, Counseling, Group Therapy, Family Therapy, Infant & Child Mental Health, Myth, Philosophy & Spirituality, Practice Management, Writing Tools, Psychoanalytic Bibliographies, Papers, and more.
American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy home page.
The Tavistock Marital Studies Institute.
Sierra Institute for Contemporary Gestalt Psychotherapy
Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada
Canadian Mental Health Association
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance
Early Psychosis Intervention (EPI) Program
Here To Help – BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information
National Alliance on Mental Illness
Schizophrenia Society of Canada
A web site with overview articles on psychology, memory and personality.

General Medical Websites

A Medical Guide to the Nervous System

The Merck manual, the bible of general medicine

PubMed is a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine that includes over 16 million citations from MEDLINE and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to the 1950s. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources.

A general health newsletter

The International Study of Pain web site.

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

All about hormones.

A web site that has links to hundreds of health web site including, women, men, children, seniors and other special topics.

Harvard’s Medical School health web site.

Drug web site. Allows searches for specific drugs, lists uses, side effects and other useful pharmaceutical information.

Harvard’s cancer risk site. Has tips on treatment and prevention.

The Guide to Intimacy after Cancer

Libraries & Bookstores

The best local source in Toronto. Features “Fort Book’, the enormous Robarts Library. Many specialist libraries. Consider buying an external reader’s card on an annual basis. Inter-library loan is excellent.

York University’s library.

Caversham stocks all the books required by the CTP curriculum. It has a wide range of works on topics broadly related to psychotherapy, and knowledgeable and friendly staff. Located on Harbord Street, just west of Spadina Avenue, south of Bloor Street in downtown Toronto. Mail order available.

These sites link the searcher to several other specialty sites for books hard to locate.

Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis

The Infinite Mind: Freud’s Friends
Vast collection of links-or associations- for Freud and the Freud Archives. A “must-see” site!
A site for every student of psychotherapy. Provides abstracts from Freud’s writings.
The on-line Freud Museum in Vienna, in both English and German.
US Library of Congress “Conflict and Culture” an on-line exhibit on Freud and his ideas.
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s Freud entry with biography, summaries of his major
contributions, and many useful links.

Sandor Ferenczi

Biographical information on Ferenczi

Biographical information and many additional links

A Spanish language site with good information and links

Excellent resource for bibliography and other material.

An interesting site from another training school.

Lecture by Dr. Mauel Furer on Ferenczi may interest.

Strong resource for links to the History of Psychology from the University of Ohio at Dayton.

Margaret Mahler
Tutorials on Margaret Mahler’s theories.
A slide show version of Mahler’s phases of separation
Biographical material on Margaret Mahler


Think Twice: How the Gut’s “Second Brain” Influences Mood and Well-Being

Brain and Behaviour

The Brain Dynamics center

Insula: anatomy and function in the limbic system

Cingulate gyrus: anatomy and function in the limbic system

Amygdala: anatomy and function in the limbic system

Limbic system

The research in this laboratory focuses on brain mechanisms involved in pain, temperature and itch sensations with anatomical, physiological, and imaging techniques.

Porges’ polyvagal theory of the vagal nerves.

Map and Function of the Human Brain.

Empathy is the ability to understand the internal experiences of another. It’s the underlying mechanism that makes the outcome of sports events, movies, or video games interesting. It is the basic human characteristic that connects individuals, allowing for successful interactions and communication.

Understanding Others: Imitation, Language, Empathy.

Evolution and Mirror Neurons. An Introduction to the Nature of Self-Consciousness.

A new type of neuron–called a mirror neuron–could help explain how we learn through mimicry and why we empathize with others.

Mirror, Mirror: Our Brains are Hardwired for Empathy by Babette Rothschild.

Empathy allows us to feel the emotions of others, to identify and understand their feelings and motives and see things from their perspective. How we generate empathy remains a subject of intense debate in cognitive science. Some scientists now believe they may have finally discovered its root. We’re all essentially mind readers, they say.

[Ramachandran] further suggested “that the emergence of a sophisticated mirror neuron system set the stage for the emergence, in early hominids, of a number of uniquely human abilities such as proto-language (facilitated by mapping phonemes on to lip and tongue movements), empathy, ‘theory of other minds’, and the ability to ‘adopt another’s point of view’.

Neurons continue to grow

Much of a human’s crucial brain development happens during childhood, but it isn’t all downhill

from there. Studies have shown that neurons continue to grow and change well into the adult years.

Amygdala: Anatomy and function.

International Neuro-Psychoanalysis Centre.

Journal of Neuro-Psychoanalysis.

The beneficial effects of a widely used class of antidepressants might be the result of increased nerve-fiber growth in key parts of the brain, according to a Johns Hopkins study being published in the January 2006 issue of the Journal of Neurochemistry.

Dr. Pat Ogden on Sensorimotor Psychotherapy.
“A Reevaluation of the Relationship between Psychiatric Diagnosis and Chemical Imbalances”
Neurobiology and Psychoanalysis considered
The birth of Pain in infants
How smart are infants? Elizabeth Spelke’s exciting studies reviewed here.
Neurobiology and Psychotherapy.
Neurobiology and Psychotherapy.

Complete bibliography of Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience (1895-1999)

Heinz Kohut

Comprehensive information, Lectures, Biographical Information and Interview

Information and discussion on the psychoanalytic self psychology of Heinz Kohut.
TRISP’s certification program in the psychoanalytic self psychology of Heinz Kohut trains candidates with the same ideals of empathy and respect they are taught to apply to their clinical work.
What Does Heinz Kohut Mean by the “Self”?
Charles Strozier’s account of Kohut’s life is briefly reviewed.

Daniel Stern

Daniel Stern (The Interpersonal World of the Infant, 1985) attempts to guess the infant’s subjective experiences as from birth.

He resorts to a somewhat sophisticated speculative argumentation whereby he proposes four abstract stages of self development

which would account for the whole of the infant’s cognitive-emotional subjective development during the first 18 months of life.

This paper provides interesting pre-psychoanalytical abstract of Intersubjectivity
The Logical Pluralists are very interested in the notion of intersubjectivity.

The home page of IVDA, the governing body for Daseinsanalysis, of which the CTP- based Society for Daseinsanalysis is a member
Ernesto Spinelli, who teaches at Regent’s College London, provides a lucid “Outline of the Existential Model”

First published in the Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, this is Jon Mills’s paper “The False Dasein: From Heidegger to Sartre and Psychoanalysis.”
Good introduction to Medard Boss
P. Erik Craig’s “The Phenomenological Use of Dreams In Psychotherapy”
The home page of the Society for Existential Analyis also gives a direct listing of its members for those wanting to work with them.

William James


This is the web site for the William James Society

A site for the study of Williams James’s ideas

This site has comprehensive information about writings by and about William James

A site about a conference about William James held at Harvard University, with video versions of the presentations

Biological Consciousness and the Experience of the Transcendent: William James and American Functional Psychology

Carl Jung

Carl Jung (1875-1961) is truly one of the great minds of psychology. Jung was a close colleague of Freud, in fact,

Freud himself considered Jung to be his theoretical heir, thus casting himself in a father-like role with Jung as the

crowned prince of psychoanalysis.

Object Relations

Object relation Theorists

Sexuality and Gender

Sexuality, Gender and Sexual Orientation by Sharon Bedard (PDF)