Brain and Behaviour

Insula: anatomy and function in the limbic system

Amygdala: anatomy and function in the limbic system

Empathy is the ability to understand the internal experiences of another. It’s the underlying mechanism that makes the outcome of sports events, movies, or video games interesting. It is the basic human characteristic that connects individuals, allowing for successful interactions and communication.

Evolution and Mirror Neurons. An Introduction to the Nature of Self-Consciousness.

A new type of neuron–called a mirror neuron–could help explain how we learn through mimicry and why we empathize with others.

[Ramachandran] further suggested “that the emergence of a sophisticated mirror neuron system set the stage for the emergence, in early hominids, of a number of uniquely human abilities such as proto-language (facilitated by mapping phonemes on to lip and tongue movements), empathy, ‘theory of other minds’, and the ability to ‘adopt another’s point of view’.

Amygdala: Anatomy and function.
The birth of Pain in infants